Spotting the Warning Signs of Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetes is a common health condition — so common, in fact, that more than 100 million adults in the United States are living with diabetes or prediabetes. People with diabetes are at a higher risk of blindness than people without diabetes. 

According to the National Eye Institute, about 45% of people with diabetes develop diabetic retinopathy, which is the leading cause of blindness in American adults. The good news is that about 90% of vision loss from diabetes can be prevented. 

Diabetic eye disease is a group of different eye diseases that affect people with diabetes. These eye diseases — which include diabetic macular edema, cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy — can lead to vision loss and blindness if not detected early and cared for properly. 

How to prevent vision loss from diabetes

Many diabetic eye diseases have few or no symptoms in the early stages. That’s why one of the key steps you can take to prevent vision loss is to see your eye doctor regularly. At University Retina, we have extensive experience treating diabetes-related eye problems.

Many eye diseases can only be detected through a comprehensive eye exam. Other ways you can protect your eye health if you have diabetes or prediabetes is through:

Warning signs of diabetic eye disease

In most cases, diabetes affects your eyes when high glucose levels damage the small blood vessels in the back of your eyes. Over time, these damaged blood vessels leak fluid and cause swelling. New abnormal blood vessels may begin to grow and lead to scarring and high pressure in your eye. 

Unfortunately, many symptoms of diabetic eye disease don’t manifest until the disease has progressed past the early stages. These symptoms include:

Diabetic eye disease treatment options

Depending on the eye disease, our specialists at University Retina perform a comprehensive evaluation and develop a personalized treatment plan to preserve your eye health and reduce symptoms. Treatment options may include:

If you have diabetes and want top-notch eye care to protect your vision and eye health, call us at University Retina for an appointment with one of our board-certified ophthalmologists and retina specialists. You can also make an appointment online through this website.  

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