Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Macular degeneration is a common eye condition that affects the central vision, making it difficult to see fine details or even recognize faces in the advanced stages. At University Retina, we specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of macular degeneration using the latest techniques and technologies.
What is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a common eye condition that affects the macula. The macula is a part of the retina that is responsible for your sharp, detailed, central vision.
Macular degeneration is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness in people over the age of fifty. This eye condition typically progresses slowly, causing a gradual loss of central vision, while peripheral vision remains stable.
Due to the vision changes associated with macular degeneration, this eye condition can significantly impact your ability to perform daily activities such as reading, driving, and recognizing faces. Macular degeneration can occur in one or both eyes and in the advanced stages, it can cause complete blindness.
There are two main types of macular degeneration: dry and wet. Dry macular degeneration is more common and occurs when the macula gradually thins over time, leading to the loss of central vision.
Wet macular degeneration is less common but more severe and occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow under the retina and leak fluid or blood, causing rapid damage to the macula. While there is currently no cure for macular degeneration, early detection, and treatment can help slow its progression and preserve vision.
What Are the Symptoms of Macular Degeneration?
The symptoms of macular degeneration can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition.
Symptoms of macular degeneration may include:
It’s important to note that in some cases, macular degeneration may not cause any symptoms until it has progressed significantly. That’s why regular eye exams are important, especially if you are over the age of fifty or have a family history of macular degeneration.
If you experience any changes in your vision, it’s essential to see your eye doctor at University Retina in Chicago, Illinois, as soon as possible!
How is Macular Degeneration Treated?
There are different types of macular degeneration, and the treatment options vary depending on the specific type and severity of the condition.
Dry Macular Degeneration Treatment
There is no known cure for dry macular degeneration, but some vitamin supplements can help slow down the progression of the condition. These supplements include antioxidants like vitamins C and E, zinc, and copper.
Those with dry macular degeneration will need to visit their eye doctor regularly to ensure they are not at risk for more serious vision loss. Additionally, injections are now available to slow the progression of certain categories of dry ARMD.
These injections do not improve vision. However, they decrease the progression of the disease compared to not having any treatment.
Wet Macular Degeneration Treatment
The typical treatment for wet macular degeneration is retinal injections. Medications such as anti-VEGF injection medications can help reduce abnormal blood vessel growth and leakage in the eyes in wet macular degeneration.
Wet macular degeneration often requires treatment in order to halt the progression of the condition. In some cases, these intraocular injections can help improve vision that has already been lost due to the condition.
Making lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, controlling blood pressure, and exercising regularly can help slow down the progression of macular degeneration and reduce the risk of further vision loss.
Early detection of macular degeneration can help prevent vision loss. Regular eye exams are crucial for early detection, especially if you are at a higher risk of developing the disease.
More About AMD
Are you experiencing any symptoms of macular degeneration? Schedule an appointment at University Retina today!Request an Appointment